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Subsurface Biogeochemical Research Program

Impact of SBR Research: Benefits for Science and Society

The SBR approach leads to a holistic understanding of subsurface environmental processes applicable to a range of U.S. Department of Energy energy and environmental challenges. The emphasis on iterative, interdisciplinary experimental research in concert with modeling and monitoring approaches will lead to:

  • Increased understanding of coupled biogeochemical processes in key subsurface environments that enable system-level prediction and control.
  • Robust strategies to monitor, immobilize, or remove former weapons production-related contaminants from the environment.
  • Science-based approaches to risk assessments of spent nuclear fuel storage.
  • Strategies for sequestering carbon (both deep subsurface and terrestrial) and reducing climate model uncertainly in predicting the biogeochemical cycling of carbon in soils and sediments.
  • Improved understanding of coupled plant-microbe-mineral interactions controlling nutrient cycling in soils to aid development of sustainable biofuels.
  • Strategies for manipulating deep subsurface biogeochemical processes to enhance fossil fuel processing and recovery.
  • Reduced risk and cost of managing subsurface environmental and energy systems and increased public acceptance.

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Subsurface Biogeochemical-Related BER Research Highlights